Thursday, 28 August 2014

Some Facts about History & General Knowledge

Q 1) Who was the first recipient of the Noble prize for peace?    

Jean Henry Daunt
Jean Henry Daunt
               Jean Henry daunt, founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross and Fredric Passy, founder of the first French Peace Society, shared the first ever Noble Prize for peace awarded in 1901.

   Daunt, born in Geneva, founded in Red Cross after seeing the plight of the wounded in the battlefield of Solferino (1859). His efforts brought about the conference at Geneva (1863) from which came the Geneva Convention (1864). Born in Paris, Fredric Passy (1822 – 1912) was a French economist and author.

He became a member of the Chamber of Deputies and was a Founder of the first French Peace Society as also founder member of the International Peace League in 1867. He also a member of the International Peace Bureau in Bern in 1892.

Q 2) How many Bones does a Man have?

Human Skeleton
Human Skeleton

                 The human skeleton supports and protects the internal organs, provides sites of attachment for muscles and a system of levers to aid locomotion.

The Human Skeleton consists of 206 bones and is divided into two parts. The axial skeleton, or main axis of the body, includes skull, the spinal column, the sternum (breast bones) and the ribs of our body.

The Appendicular skeleton, serving for the attachment of limbs includes the pectoral or shoulder girdle along with arm bones and the pelvic or hip girdle and leg bones of our body.

Q 3) When the first sound film produced?

De Forest Phonofilm
De Forest Phonofilm
              The first sound film as Phonofilm was demonstrated in 1923, and after three years, Don Juan, a silent film with a synchronized music score, was released.

The year 1927 saw the release of the first major sound film, the Jazz Singer, consisting of some songs and a few moments of dialogue, by Warner Brothers, New York.

Q 4) Which American President was assassinated while still in office?

                                                    As many as four American President to be assassinated was:

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
         1) Abraham Lincoln (1861 – 1865) wanted slavery to be abolished altogether to restore the Union, and he issued the Emancipation Proclamation (1862).

Lincoln defeated Gen. George McCellan for re-election in 1864, vowing to “bind up the nation’s wounds.”

Before he had the chance, Lincoln was shot on Good Friday, five days after the end of Civil War, by John Wilkes Booth, an arch-Confederate. Lincoln died the next morning, on April 15, 1865

James A. Garfield
James A. Garfield
             2) American’s 20th President James A. Garfield was shot at a railway station by Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed stalwart office-seeker.

James A. Garfield who was only four months in office died after 80 days, on September 19, 1881.

William McKinley
William McKinle
          3) The third US President to succumb to injuries caused by an assassin’s bullets was William McKinley (1897 – 1901).

The last Civil War began. In the election for the second term in 1900, he defeated his old rival with a larger margin.

He was enjoying great popularity when anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot him in Buffalo, N.Y. McKinley died after two weeks, on September 14, 1901.

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
                              4)  John F. Kennedy (1961 – 63) was the youngest man elected as President and the only Roman Catholic. Gearing up for re-election, Kennedy embarked on a speaking tour across the South, where he was least popular.  

In a Dallas (Texas) motorcade on November 22, 1963, he was fatally shot. Kennedy’s alleged assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, a left wing ex-marine, was, in turn, murdered by Jack Ruby two days later.

Q 5) Why do we Perspire(Sweating)?

           We sweat a lot in hot and humid climate and that seems to be the best possible way to keep our body cool in a hot environment. And it would be dangerous or our body temperature goes beyond 36ÂșC.

When the body temperature rises above the normal in hot and humid conditions, the sweat glands produce sweat which evaporates on the skin of our body.

This transfer the heat from blood vessels in the skin to the surrounding air. Acute pain, intense emotions like fear and eating or spicy food could also cause sweating.

No comments:

Post a Comment